05 Aug 2007

自定义控件实现广告内容后期加载,以及NamingContainer层次的应用

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自定义控件:广告内容后期加载。以及NamingContainer层次的应用
网站上的广告内容可能会因加载过慢而导致整个网页加载过慢
我们可以考虑将广告内全部放在网页最底部,等整个页面加载完毕後
再采用javascript使其显示,考虑给控件一个TargetContainerID标识
控件广告内容将要被显示的容器ID,然后从控件自己所处的 开始向上查找该ID
所指定的控件,(我们只向上找而没有向下找,并且没有处理某层次的
子NamingContainer,所以不一定能够找到,这里没有考虑从Page对象向下递归查找
主要考虑为了提高性能),如果没有找到,则考虑给用户一个事件让用户自己处理TargetContainer

下面的自定义控件对此实现了封装:

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------ // // Copyright (c) www.AspxBoy.com All rights reserved. // //------------------------------------------------------------------------------ namespace HBZ.Ads.Controls { using System; using System.ComponentModel; using System.Web; using System.Web.UI; using System.Web.UI.WebControls; using HBZ.Ads; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Text; [Designer( typeof( HBZ.Ads.Controls.AdRotatorDesigner ) )] public class AdRotator : WebControl { private Dictionary findControlHelperCacheList = new Dictionary( ); private readonly string scriptFormat = " var {0}_target = document.getElementById(\"{0}\"); var {1}_base = document.getElementById(\"{1}\"); if ({0}_target) {0}_target.innerHTML = {1}_base.innerHTML; if ({0}_target) {1}_base.innerHTML = \"\"; "; private static readonly object eventObj = new object( ); public event FindTargetContainerEventHandler FindTargetContainer { add { Events.AddHandler( eventObj , value ); } remove { Events.RemoveHandler( eventObj , value ); } } public AdRotator( ) : base( HtmlTextWriterTag.Span ) { } [TypeConverter( typeof( ValidatedControlConverter ) )] [DefaultValue( "" ) , Category( "Data" ) , Description( "广告位后期加载后显示的位置的控件ID" )] [IDReferenceProperty] public string TargetContainerID { get { return (string)this.ViewState[ "TargetContainerID" ] ?? string.Empty; } set { this.ViewState[ "TargetContainerID" ] = value; } } [Bindable( true ) , Category( "Data" ) , DefaultValue( "" ) , Description( "广告位的默认内容" )] public string DefaultContent { get { return (string)this.ViewState[ "DefaultContent" ] ?? "广告位招租"; } set { this.ViewState[ "DefaultContent" ] = value; } } protected override void OnPreRender( EventArgs e ) { base.OnPreRender( e ); if ( !string.IsNullOrEmpty( TargetContainerID ) ) { this.Style.Add( HtmlTextWriterStyle.Display , "none" ); ClientScriptManager cs = Page.ClientScript; if ( !cs.IsStartupScriptRegistered( this.ClientID ) ) { cs.RegisterStartupScript( this.GetType( ) , this.ClientID , GetLazyLoadingScript( ) , true ); } } } protected virtual string GetLazyLoadingScript( ) { Control target = FindControlHelper( TargetContainerID ); if ( target == null ) { throw new TargetContainerNotFoundException( ); } StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder( ); sb.AppendFormat( scriptFormat , target.ClientID , this.ClientID ); return sb.ToString( ); } protected virtual void RenderAdvertisement( Advertisement ad , HtmlTextWriter writer ) { // 广告内容 } protected override void RenderContents( HtmlTextWriter writer ) { // call RenderAdvertisement method } protected Control FindControlHelper( string id ) { Control c = null; if ( findControlHelperCacheList.ContainsKey( id ) ) { c = findControlHelperCacheList[ id ]; } else { c = base.FindControl( id ); // 注意:我们从自己开始向上沿NamingContainer层次查找 Control nc = NamingContainer; while ( ( null == c ) && ( null != nc ) ) { c = nc.FindControl( id ); nc = nc.NamingContainer; } if ( null == c ) { // 因为我们是从自己开始向上沿NamingContainer层次查找,而没有向下找, // 并且没有找每一层NamingContainer内的其他NamingContainer, // 所以这种查找有可能出现没有找到id对应的控件 // 当没此时有找到时,激发FindTargetContainer事件交给用户自己设定Target Container Control FindTargetContainerEventArgs args = new FindTargetContainerEventArgs( id ); OnFindTargetContainer( args ); c = args.Control; } if ( null != c ) { findControlHelperCacheList[ id ] = c; } } return c; } protected virtual void OnFindTargetContainer( FindTargetContainerEventArgs e ) { FindTargetContainerEventHandler hander = Events[ eventObj ] as FindTargetContainerEventHandler; if ( hander != null ) { hander( this , e ); } } } public delegate void FindTargetContainerEventHandler( object src , FindTargetContainerEventArgs e ); public class FindTargetContainerEventArgs : EventArgs { private string controlID; private Control control; public FindTargetContainerEventArgs( string controlId ) { controlID = controlId; } public string ControlID { get { return controlID; } } public Control Control { get { return control; } set { control = value; } } } public class TargetContainerNotFoundException : Exception { string exceptionMessage = string.Empty; public TargetContainerNotFoundException( ) : this( "TargetContainerID所指定的控件没有找到!您或许应该处理一下FindTargetContainer事件" ) { } public TargetContainerNotFoundException( string message ) : base( message ) { this.exceptionMessage = message; } public override string Message { get { if ( exceptionMessage != null ) { return exceptionMessage; } return base.Message; } } } }

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